To achieve the final phase, there are different processes that the beekeeper must perform.
The first step is the uncapping, consists of opening the wax layer that closes the cells containing the honey. It is made with the help of some forks and knives, that sometimes are heated in order to get easy and faster the job. The professional beekeepers make this operation with the help of specific machines called uncapping machines; they can be automatic or semiautomatic. After the uncapping, the frame must be extracted honey from.
The second step is the honey extraction, that happens through the extraction of honey by means of a centrifuge, that let the honey pour out and use the honeycombs again. Exist different measures and models of honey extractors, the choose will happen according to each need. The honeycombs are charged one by one, and it is advisable to balance the weight inside each ray, in order to avoid that the honey extractor could be wear out quickly.
The honey extractor can be by hand or powered, even this choice must be made in according to the amount of hives you manage, and in according to the time you have at your disposal.
The third phase is the settling and filtration. Once extracted, the honey must be settled and filtered immediately after the extraction. Some professional beekeepers choose to make only the settling, in this case happens the separation for specific weight from the impurities. In this case the honey can’t be put into jars, but it can be sold wholesale (in kegs).
Once extracted, the honey is put inside a container called honey ripener, above which it is set the strainer; at this point the honey is carried through a bucket or a pump and it passes through the strainer, to then remains inside the ripener for about 20 days; this period let the impurities rise to the surface.
The filtration consents to purify the honey without immobilize it; also exist tanks to filter the honey called sump tank and draft tank which let to filter the honey in a smaller time.
At this point, the honey can be put in jars and consumed.